Recorded history.

Recorded history.

It is about who was recorded history? Who was the power and the glory of the age? Not who is the new super power of the present. It is better to say who was recorded history at the time?

Symbolism.

Art, literature and science are all consequences of a behavioural package anthropologists refer to as ‘modern human behaviour.’ These things would not be possible without our ability to use symbols to convey information. Symbols can take the form of sounds, images or objects. They may refer directly to an object or idea, for example a representational image; they may be totally abstract, such as spoken or written words. Thus for example a drawing of a cat, the sound ‘cat’ or the written letters ‘c-a-t’ may all be used to refer to a cat.

Syntactic language is a system of communication that enables an effectively infinite range of meanings to be conveyed, but it is only one component of our ability to use symbols – an ability we do not share with our fellow apes. We use symbols all the time – whenever we read a newspaper, check the time, consult a map or admire a painting or sculpture. All of these activities involve symbolic behaviour: human society could not function without it.

(Humans: from the beginning, by Christopher Seddon, page 19).

Phonetics.

Phonetics, alphabets, scripts, writing and speech are unfundamental. Writing and alphabets are a direct descendant of primitive art and symbolism. Although they could not read or write cavemen could still speak.

There is no evidence in Homo habilis for the range of complex behaviours associated with modern humans, although it has been suggested that the species might have employed some form of language.

(Humans: from the beginning, by Christopher Seddon, page 55).

Primitive art and symbolism.

Complete writing (systemic phoneticism).

Commencing with the first stages of information storage knot records, tally sticks, pictographic storytelling the book then focuses on the emergence of complete writing systems in Mesopotamia in the fourth millennium BC, and their diffusion to Egypt, the Indus Valley and points east, with special attention given to Semitic writing systems and their eventual spread to the Indian subcontinent. Also documented is the rise of Phoenician and its effect on the Greek alphabet, generating the many alphabetic scripts of the West.

(Description of A History of Writing, Steven Roger Fischer).

The seeds of Mesopotamian writing or recorded history began in Sumer with ‘accounting tokens’ and then the invention of ‘systemic phoneticism’. 

“Seeds of Mesopotamian writing.” Mesopotamian Accounting Tokens.

Yet Sumer’s idea of systemic phoneticism already at its inception, evidently spread far beyond the Tigris and Euphrates, both east to the Indus and west to the Nile Valley, where the idea took root among other rising civilisations. Different languages and different social needs now demanded new solutions of there own.

Most scholars still prefer to believe that writing originated independently in many regions of the world as an expression of a society’s having attained an ‘advanced’ level of civilisation. However, writing is not an automatic reward of social sophistication. Writing must be elaborated, and this entails a protracted process determined by evolving social needs. Though there are other possible interpretations, the cumulative weight of evidence urges the consideration that the idea of complete writing may have emerged only once in humankind’s history. Drawing from a standardized repertoire of pictograms and symbols – the distillation of a long development from notches to tablets  – the Sumerians of Mesopotamia elaborated what has since become humankind’s most versatile tool. All other writing systems and scripts are, then perhaps derivatives of this one original idea – systemic phoneticism – that emerged between 6000 and 5700 years ago in Mesopotamia.

(A History of Writing, Steven Roger Fischer, page 32-33).

Alphabets and recorded history.

The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt. By 2700 BCE Egyptian writing had a set of some 22 hieroglyphs. However, although seemingly alphabetic in nature, the original Egyptian uniliterals were not a system and were never used by themselves to encode Egyptian speech.

Egyptian hieroglyphs.
Egyptian hieroglyphs.

In the Middle Bronze Age an apparently “alphabetic” system known as the Proto-Sinaitic script is thought by some to have been developed in central Egypt around 1700 BCE for or by Semitic workers, and based on letter appearances and names, it is believed to be based on Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Proto-Sinaitic/proto-Canaanite script.
Proto-Sinaitic/proto-Canaanite script.

This script eventually developed into the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, which in turn was refined into the Phoenician alphabet. Phoenician was the first major phonemic script. In contrast to two other widely used writing systems at the time, Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, it contained only about two dozen distinct letters, making it a script simple enough for common traders to learn. Another advantage of Phoenician was that it could be used to write down many different languages, since it recorded words phonemically.

Phoenician alphabet.
Phoenician alphabet.

The script was spread by the Phoenicians, whose Thalassocracy allowed the script to be spread across the Mediterranean. In Greece, the script was modified to add the vowels, giving rise to the first true alphabet. The Greeks took letters which did not represent sounds that existed in Greek, and changed them to represent the vowels. This marks the creation of a “true” alphabet, with both vowels and consonants as explicit symbols in a single script. In its early years, there were many variants of the Greek alphabet, a situation which caused many different alphabets to evolve from it.

Greek alphabet.
Greek alphabet.

The Cumae form of the Greek alphabet was carried over by Greek colonists from Euboea to the Italian peninsula, where it gave rise to a variety of alphabets used to inscribe the Italic languages. One of these became the Latin alphabet, which was spread across Europe as the Romans expanded their empire. Even after the fall of the Roman state, the alphabet survived in intellectual and religious works. It eventually became used for the descendant languages of Latin (the Romance languages) and then for the other languages of Europe.

by Jan van der Crabben, published on 28 April 2011.

https://www.ancient.eu/amp/1-73/

Latin alphabet.
Latin alphabet.

The Romans took the Latin alphabet and recorded history to Western Europe, places like Britannia, Gaul and Spain. Then in turn Western Europe spread the Latin alphabet and recorded history to all corners of the Earth including the Americas, Africa and Australia. Finally, through computers and digitalisation America reinvented the very meaning of scripts, notepads and tablets etc, ultimately making recorded history eternal.

Eternity.

There is no eternity without recorded history, that is that cavemen and prehistoric man (excepting cave art) did not attain eternity because they left no buildings, writing or literature behind. We do not know their names or deeds, so they are not eternal, hence hallowed be your name. However, thanks to themselves and archaeology, it was firstly the Egyptians who invented recorded history and architecture and who put thousands of years of time, energy and devotion into eternity and the afterlife through writing, mummification and tombs etc, that accomplished this. Recorded history is eternity.

Evolution of the English alphabet.

Political inaccuracy.

In heaven the older you are the more famous and illustrious you are, (as in prehistoric, ancient or classical people). Imagine being a real soldier who fought in the Punic Wars or imagine being an authentic Mesolithic man. That has got to be pretty awesome. That beats any https://politicallyinaccurate.com BBC drama or Hollywood blockbuster.

Politically inaccurate Achilles.
Politically inaccurate Achilles, even if this actor played a pharaoh it would still be politically inaccurate, never mind Achilles. BBC TV series Troy: A Fall of a City.

Christ and the Buddha.

There is an inextricable link between Jesus Christ and the Buddha and recorded history. An absolute prerequisite for a nation or civilisation to gloriously attain the Christ or the Buddha is that it must have or be recorded history. The Christ and the Buddha come at the earliest possible moment in ‘history.’ They would never come unless recorded history was firmly in place in that country or civilisation, as they would never be famous and their teaching would never be remembered. That is why Jesus Christ came an Israelite, because they invented recorded history, writing and the Bible. Why did Jesus Christ or the Buddha not come at a different time, say in Palaeolithic period? It is not evolutionary, it is because it would have been useless as they would never have been famous or remembered.

Sub-Saharan Africa.

Why has there been no Jesus Christ or Buddha in sub-Saharan Africa, say Guinea? It is nothing to do with race, it is because there has never been recorded history in sub-Saharan Africa.

“The African, however, laments his ignorance of the art of writing, with more ostentation than sincerity; for he boasts at the same time that his gods like to be served with vigor and activity in the field, rather than by prayer and actions such as we term moral…”

(Journal of a residence in Ashantee, comprising notes and researches relative to the Gold Coast, and the interior of Western Africa, chiefly collected from Arabic mss. By Joseph Dupuis, c. 1820, page 247).

Only 200 years ago sub-Saharan Africa had no writing or recorded history, in fact illiteracy is still a problem there today. If sub-Saharan Africa wanted to attain Jesus Christ or the Buddha they would have to be so independent it is not funny and they would have to not require us or anyone else in the slightest. Until they are really independent and do not require expatriates and aid etc and do not desire white people genetically, sub-Saharan Africa will never produce a Jesus Christ of its own.

We can give you almost the time of day when recorded history began on the various coasts of sub-Saharan Africa. For example what would become the Gold Coast (what is now Ghana) was discovered in January 1471, by two Portuguese men, João de Santarém and Pêro de Escobar when they discovered “the traffic of gold at the place we now call Mina.” Working in the service of Lisbon merchant Fernão Gomes, who had a concession for the exploration and trade in the Gulf of Guinea, Pêro de Escobar and João de Santarém discovered the gold industry that would grow around Elmina in present day Ghana in 1471. Ten years later, Elimna Castle or fort was built in 1481, only after Caramanca the local chief reluctantly gave the Portuguese permission for the fort to be built in the territory. Hence this is how recorded history began for the Gold Coast.

Further South Bartolomeu Dias discovered and rounded the Cape of Good Hope in what is now South Africa in 1488.

This ‘history’ demonstrates why sub-Saharan Africa has never attained Jesus Christ or the Buddha.

If you believe the above is racist I do not care, it is https://politicallyaccurate.co.uk.